Michael has spent nearly 30 years partnering with cities, rural areas, and industry on how technology can help neighbourhoods and cities work better. For the last ten years he has been focusing on the development and implementation of smart and sustainable city standards and has had the opportunity to work with many different Standards Development Organisations. He is Chair of the IEC Smart Cities Systems Committee and Co-Chair of the IEC-ISO-ITU Joint Smart Cities Task Group. He was Principal Architect of the TM Forum’s Smart City Maturity Model and received the TM Forum Outstanding Contributor Award in 2017.He is City Standards Associate with the Connected Places Catapult – the UK Government Innovation Agency for smart transport and smart cities and is a member of the UK Government External Advisory Group on Secure Connected Places. He works with Open and Agile Smart Cities to support the development and implementation of the Minimal Interoperability Mechanisms (MIMs). He is working with ITU Study Group 20 to formalise the MIMs within the portfolio of types of international standards.